of district judges.
(1) State Judicial Commission shall select
the persons for appointment as the members of Judicial Services of the State, in accordance with the Law made by the Parliament
on the basis of and with or without any changes in the Draft forwarded by the Law Commission of Bharat, after consultation
with the National Judicial Commission and Public Service Commission and in accordance with the Rules notified by the Law Commission
The Governor shall appoint such person as the members of State Judicial Services by his hand and seal, provided Governor
have no doubt about integrity, honesty or competency of such person.
(1) Law made by the Parliament and Rules
notified by the Law Commission of Bharat shall provide appropriate provisions, clear rules, regulations and guidelines in
respect of selections of the person as member of State Judicial Services, and after appointment his posting, transfer, promotion
and supervision of his performance shall be regulated by the respective High Court of a State. Every new appointee shall be
on training for at least one year and during such period he shall sit with another judge of the district courts.
a person as the member of the State Judicial Service may be challenged
before a High Court having Jurisdiction, within six months from his appointment. If High Court admits such application challenging
appointment of a person as a member of State Judicial Service, till disposal of such application he shall not be assigned
any independent judicial work.
(3) The provision of limitation under Clause
(3) shall not debar any challenge in respect of any appointment, if in subsequent events it discovered that during entire
lifetime, any false statement is made.
220. Jurisdiction of the Court
of the District Sessions and Civil Judge in respect of Criminal complaint against criminal misconduct of the public servants.
Every Court of District Sessions and Civil Judge shall admit a complaint after preliminary
satisfaction, against the criminal misconduct of any public servant whether he is employee or not under the Central or State
Government, if his criminal misconduct is not covered by original jurisdiction of the Supreme Court or any High Court and
after admit, it should be forwarded to a appropriate subordinate court for further criminal proceedings.
221. Jurisdiction of the all Courts
within a District other than the District Sessions and Civil Court in respect of Civil and Criminal matters.
(1) For all civil litigation entire District of originating dispute shall be Original Jurisdiction for such dispute.
(2) Each Bench of the Sessions and Civil Court, in the District shall consist of at least
(3) If any suit filed before any Court beyond the Jurisdiction, it should be transferred
at the Court of appropriate jurisdiction.
222. Control over subordinate courts.
Within Jurisdictional area of one High Court the control over any tribunal, district courts
and courts subordinate thereto, including the posting, transfers and promotions of, and grant of leave to, persons belonging
to the judicial services shall be vested in such High Court. Any person working as member of judicial services shall have
right to appeal before the same High Court, which could not be heard by the Judges, whose impugned administrative order may
be subject matter of appeal.
223. Salaries. etc., of Judges.
salaries, privileges allowances and pension for the Judges working as “district judge” as defined under Article
219 time to time, shall be determined by the respective High Court, on the basis of a method to be evolved by a committee,
consisting of one Chief Justice of a High Court, one representative from Central Government, one representative each from
first and second largest political party in the country, and one representative from the Bar.
The proceeding of such committee shall be transparent to public and every citizen shall have right to represent before it.
Changing in scale of salaries privileges allowances and pension can’t be revised frequently, at least before
five years from earlier change.
Method adopted under clause (1) shall not be reviewed at least by a gape of twenty years.
With the expression “district judge” includes any judge, magistrate or otherwise
appointed within one district performing a judicial duty. The Executive Magistrates performing administrative duty shall not
includes within the expression “district judge”.
225. Appointment of district registrar
of court cases.
All civil litigations and criminal proceedings shall be registered with the “district
registrar of court cases”, who shall be appointed from the judicial services, having competency of additional district
judge and shall keep records of the court cases in the district, strictly in accordance with the law and civil procedure code,
with the help of his sub-ordinates or staff, as may be required.
226. Civil litigation.
Every citizen shall be entitled to sue or defend any person or authority holding any office
at the district level, for his rights, titles, interests, claims and disputes, provided he shall come with all true facts,
without hiding anything at the first instance and without adopting any delectory tactics.
227. Criminal proceedings.
Every complainant shall have right to interfere through his counsel,
in any court proceedings, relating to his complaint, and every accused shall have right to defend charges against him, provided
he has recorded his own true statement within the time prescribed by law, relates to the matter in proceeding.
228. District penal
(1) Before practicing at any High Court, every advocate shall register his name at a district penal of advocates.
The district registrar shall issue list of advocates in penal on the 1st day of every year, which will be not revised
during the year.
229. Appointment from advocates penal
to act as court commissioner.
National Judicial Commission, after considering the recommendations made by the Law Commission
of Bharat after inviting suggestions from the people, shall frame rules regarding appointment of advocates from district penal
of advocates to act as court commissioner in civil court cases to record witnesses in a open and transparent manner, with
record of entire proceedings to be recorded in presence of the both side parties, as per procedures to be laid down under
Civil Procedure Code. Refusal to act as court commissioner or violation of any procedures laid down by civil procedure code,
by any advocate from penal shall debarred him from further practice in any court in India.
230. Advocates, as court
officers at the district level.Every
advocate practice in any court in Bharat, shall behave and act as officer of the court, and adoption of any tactics, tantamount
as illegal interference to effect the administration of justice, shall debarred him from further practice in any court in
Bharat. A court shall decide a dispute regarding such illegal interference, where such illegal interference may occur and
decision of such court shall be made applicable only after approval by superior court of such deciding court. Provided such
approval not requires, if Supreme Court makes such decision.